Ecotourism and Sustainability

Ecotourism is “the practice of low-impact, educational, ecologically and culturally sensitive travel” and is a distinct segment within the wider sustainable tourism market.

Sustainability in ecotourism has come of age. Global warming is finally influencing the choices people make when they travel. At the Nire Valley Eco Camp we aim to go beyond sustainability and move to a regenerative model. We can do that by storing carbon in the soil and in the plants we grow.

It is not possible to assist you with your journey here. But we can ensure the environmental impact of your stay with us is as low as possible. This will make a big difference to the overall impact of your holiday. This is our journey and there are few quick fixes, but the steps we are taking right now include:

Design for Sustainability

The environmental impacts of our business will inform every stage of the design of services and accommodation.

There is nothing accidental about the design of the Nire Valley Eco Camp. Regenerative Tourism has been the foundation stone of our development from the very beginning. We are determined to create a successful ecotourism business, based on ecologically sound principles like sustainability, biodiversity and regeneration.

This means not using more natural resources than we can put back. It means protecting habitats for wildlife and replacing those that have been damaged or destroyed.

Everything has been carefully thought through. The land use, water use and waste water treatment, cabin design, materials and construction, site layout, waste disposal, light pollution, visual impact, environmental impact, local and community impact, disruption to wildlife and plant life, were all considered as important to the design of the site and its amenities. Amazingly, we did not have to compromise in any way on the standard of accommodation or the level of comfort in the cabins. Where there is a will there is a way to sustainability in design for ecotourism.

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Sustainability in Construction

We will use locally sourced sustainable building materials and local craftsmen for all our building and maintenance.

Our cabins are built on posts anchored to concrete pad stones, reducing the use of concrete foundations by as much as 80%. They are built around a timber frame and are clad mainly in Cedar. The decks are built from Larch. We chose these materials because they are very resilient and resistant to rot. Therefore we have not needed to paint or preserve them with any chemicals. The interiors are clad in rough sawn Douglas Fir and the planks are caulked with jute. As well as a rather pleasing look it gives a really warm and cosy feel to the cabins.

All of these materials were sourced from a saw mill less than thirty kilometres from here. All the timber is Irish and mostly locally felled.

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Reducing Energy Requirements

We will constantly review our power usage and seek to reduce it to the absolute minimum necessary to run our business.

Our cabins are solar powered. Each cabin has its own solar panel, charger and battery. The battery is 120Ah, so not big. As such, people have to adapt their expectations for what they can power up while staying. Lights are fine and charging phones or laptops is no problem. Hair dryers are NOT going to work. Nor are electric kettles.

While solar installations supply free and sustainable energy at the point of use, calculating the actual real-world environmental benefits is a complicated process. Ecotourism businesses must look beyond the obvious. We must also consider the impacts of mining for raw materials and manufacturing the equipment that produces the electricity. With this in mind we have recently invested in the installation of cabling across the site. This will enable us to move to a more efficient centralised solar solution, or move to a sustainable grid supply. Where power use cannot be offset by our own regenerative activities we will purchase carbon credits.

Hot water for showers and for heating in winter comes from a gas boiler. This is the biggest compromise we have had to make. Biogas is becoming more available and as a renewable product, when it comes from decomposition of organic waste, it is more sustainable than most of the alternatives.

The cabins are designed to take advantage of passive solar heating. They all have large west facing windows that face the evening sun. And just because we champion ecotourism doesn’t mean they have to be spartan. Heating in winter will still be necessary. However, the cabins are very well insulated. The heat requirement will be low. When they get warm they stay warm for a long time.

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Sustainable Land Use

We will maintain our land in a way that increases biodiversity and sequesters carbon with the aim of being carbon neutral.

Our site is predominantly semi improved, dry-humid, acid grassland. That is a bit of a mouthful, but basically the soil is acidic. No fertilisers have been used on it for many years, allowing a varied but increasingly rare flora to take hold. This type of grassland, on this type of soil, now makes up a tiny proportion of the land of Ireland. It is currently only found in North and West Cork and West Waterford.

We cherish our wild meadows and all the plants and insects that thrive there. We have been experimenting with various methods of mowing and grazing to find a model that increases biodiversity and sustainability.

There is now also a large body of research that demonstrates how carbon is stored in certain grassland soils. This can make a valuable contribution to the overall strategy for reducing carbon in the atmosphere. It also has a vast potential for storing water, avoiding run-off and soil depletion. The same cannot be said for the rye-grass pastures that are found on the dairy farms that surround us.

Our hedgerows are made up of mature native trees such as hawthorn, blackthorn, holly, rowan and elder. They are up to 10m deep and up to 12m high in places. They are a huge carbon store and they also provide a valuable habitat for birds and small mammals.

Two, three-metre stretches of hedgerow were removed during the construction of the site, out of over a kilometre in total. We will continue to maintain the remaining hedgerows and to plant more to enhance the site in the coming years.

Sometimes sustainability is just not enough. We have set aside many areas in our site for re-wilding or plant and animal refuges. If people are expecting a perfectly manicured landscape they will be disappointed. Some grass is cut but not much. We mow the meadows in late summer when they have flowered. Other than that we pretty much leave well enough alone. Nature IS perfect. You can’t improve on perfection.

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Waste Water Treatment

We will never allow treated water to be wasted or allow effluent to impact negatively on the environment.

Ecotourism isn’t necessarily about roughing it. As we have showers and flushing toilets in our cabins we had to find a sustainable way to treat waste water. Our research lead us to the Anne Valley near Waterford City. Here the concept of ICWs has been developed and improved over the years. They are now an accepted and very ecologically-sound method of treating waste. We have created a number of small wetlands on our land. These ensure that we have no impact on our environment as a result of the water usage on site.

We harvest rain water to help maintain water levels. The dense vegetation in the wetlands absorbs the nutrients and the water itself never enters the surrounding land. It evaporates and is absorbed and transpired by plants.

The wetlands constitute another ecosystem that complements the biodiversity of the grasslands and hedgerows.

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Increasing Biodiversity

All wildlife is important to us and our community, and we will protect it and maintain habitats for it.

Fallow deer, rabbits, foxes, field mice, hedgehogs, red squirrels, white toothed shrews(non-native), pipistrelle and long-eared bats, pine martens and stoats are all present in and around the site. It is not unusual for a herd of wild deer to be found grazing in the middle of the day. The grassland, with its wide variety of grasses, sedges and wild flowers, supports an abundance of insects. These in turn support other creatures, especially birds.

We regularly see long-eared owls, barn owls, kestrels, falcons, buzzards, and any number of smaller species such as meadow pipits, jays, finches and tits. It is also possible to see some rarer species from time to time. Walkers in the mountains can often see hen harriers and even the occasional eagle.

We are especially happy to see a number of bumble bee species, though not as many as we would like. We are exploring ways to promote their welfare by creating suitable habitats for over-wintering and planting bee friendly plants.

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We will promote learning as an important part of the Eco Camp experience.

Informing our visitors about biodiversity and sustainability is something we enjoy. It is a core part of the ecotourism experience. We are still learning ourselves and it is a fascinating journey to be on. People will come here to relax and unwind. Some might leave a little better informed about the world they live in and what they can do to improve it.

We have demonstrated to farmers the advantages of less intensive forms of land use. During the drought in 2018 some visiting farmers were amazed at how the grass here was greener than everywhere else. The soil and meadow grass is rich and full of animal life. We can show how well managed pasture can store water and sequester carbon in a way that can rival forestry.

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Benefits to the Community

We are 100% committed to having only positive impacts on our neighbours and community.

An important pillar of Ecotourism is the benefit to the local community. As a small business we currently provide one full-time job and one full-time seasonal job. We have potential to grow. Local tradesmen and suppliers are always called first for maintenance and equipment. We use the local shop for supplies and encourage our guests to spend locally when they stay.

But community benefit is not just measured in hard currency. We are in an area where land use is almost entirely mono-crop farming and forestry. The biggest contribution we make to our community is maintaining a unique ecosystem and all the biodiversity that it supports.

We are also keen to promote other businesses with the same ethos in the region. We are happy to work with them to further develop this regenerative, collaborative model of ecotourism.

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What you can do.

When you travel the choices you make are important. When you stay with us you can help us reach our objectives.

  • Food production is responsible for more than a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions. One of the easiest and most helpful ways you can contribute is to avoid food waste.
  • When shopping choose products with as little packaging as possible.
  • Turn off the heating when it is not needed.
  • If eco-friendly toiletries are provided use them.
  • Switch off lights.
  • Use the composting and recycling bins.

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